Development of Assessment Instruments Based on Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in Thematic Learning of Grade IV Elementary School Students

Nining Purwaningsih
Sri Utaminingsih
Sri Surachmi


This study aims (1) develop a HOTS-based assessment instrument to measure the analytical and creative thinking skills of fourth grade elementary school students (2) analyze the effectiveness of the HOTS-based assessment instrument to measure the analytical and creative thinking skills of fourth grade elementary school students. The development of the HOTS-based assessment instrument adopts the 4D model developed by Thiagarajan, Semmel & Semmel those are : Define, Design, Development, and Disseminate stages. The product trial design consists of product validation and test instrument testing. The subjects of the research trial included 3 teachers and 30 students of fourth grade of elementary school in Dabin 3, Jepara District. Analysis of product quality data uses validity, reliability, level of difficulty and differentiating power. Meanwhile, data analysis of feasibility and students' thinking skills uses analysis of ideal assessment criteria. The results showed that the instrument of HOTS-based assessment met content validity by the agreement of expert judgment with the percentage result of material aspects 94%, construction aspects 92% and language aspects 90% . Those are good categories. Furthermore, the results of the analytical thinking ability test of 52% of students are in the medium category, and 37% of students' creative thinking skills are in the medium category. The conclusion of this study is the development of the instrument of High Order Thinking Skill (HOTS) – based assesment is needed by teachers to carry out the learning assessment process to train and measure students' thinking skills. 


Learning Assessment Model, Assessment Instrument, High Order Thinking Skill (HOTS) , Analytical Thinking, Creative Thinking, Thematics

Teks Lengkap:



Thinking on Schools Students’ Thinking. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 4(6), 518–525.

Anderson, L. W., & Krathwohl, D. R. (2001). A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing. Longman.

Devi, P. K. (2011). Pengembangan Soal “Higher Order Thinking Skill” dalam Pembelajaran IPA SMP / MTs. Acdemia Edu.

Erlin, P., & Wahyudi. (2020). Pengembangan Instrumen Penilaian Kognitif Dalam Pembelajaran Tematik Terpadu Kelas 4 SD. Pionir Jurnal Pendidikan, 9(2).

Erniwati. (2018). Pengembangan Instrumen Penilaian Hasil Belajar Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Pada Siswa Kelas V Sekolah Dasar Inpres Loka Kabupaten Bantaeng. Universitas Negeri Makassar.

Hartik, S., Utaminingsih, S., & Madjdi, A. H. (2021). A Need Assessment of Integrated Science Teaching Material Based Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS). Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1823(1).

Heong, Y., Othman, M., Yunos, W. ., Kiong, M., Hassan, T., & Mohamad, M. . (2011). The Level of Marzano Higher Order Thinking Skills Among Technical Education Students. International Journal of Social and Humanity, 1(2), 121–125.

Herawati. (2014). Pengembangan Asesmen HOTS Pada Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah Tema Bermain Dengan Benda-Benda Di sekitar. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, 1(2).

Huitt, W. (2011). Bloom et al.’s taxonomy of the cognitive domain. In Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta State University.

Krathwohl., D. R. (2002). A Revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy: An Overview.

Kunandar. (2013). Penilaian Autentik (Penilaian Hasil Belajar Peserta Didik Berdasarkan Kurikulum 2013). Rajawali Press.

Saido, G. M. (2015). Higher Order Thinking Skills Among Secondary School Students in Science Learning. The Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Science, 3(3).

Sastrawati, E. (2011). Problem Based Learning, Strategi Metakognisi, dan Kemampuan Berfikir Tingkat Tinggi Siswa. Teno-Pedagogi, 1(2), 1–14.

Widyaningrum, D., Utaminingsih, S., & Santoso. (2021). HOTS - Based scientific learning to increase the comprehension concept and science students skill. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1823(1).


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 102| 217-222 views : 54


  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

time web analytics Jurnal Prakarsa Paedagogia Status

Negara Asal Pengunjung:

Flag Counter

Jurnal Prakarsa Paedagogia dari Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Muria Kudus is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 International License.

Dedicated to: