Ketidakmampuan Membaca (Disleksia) dan Dampaknya Terhadap Perkembangan Anak

Fika Safitri
Faris Naufal Ali
Eva Latipah

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to identify dyslexia disorders, and how to apply and treat them, so that they can help and reduce the impact of subsequent development.

This research uses library research and the type of research is descriptive qualitative analysis. The data collection method is from the book "Innovations in Educational Psychology" by David Preiss and Robert J. Sternberg, as the main source (primary) and a review of other literatures that discuss the same research as this study as a second (secondary) source, to explore further opinions or views on dyslexia and its impact on development.

The results of the study, dyslexia is one type of learning difficulty in children in the form of a reading disability, a symptom that is not caused by the ability of sight, hearing, intelligence, or language skills, but a disturbance in the brain's processing when receiving an information processing. Eye movement control, visual perception, understanding of orthographic, phonological, and semantic features of words, higher-order language and cognitive, storage, and concentration skills are all necessary for reading.


Keywords


children, dyslexia, developmental impact.

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Arif, Nurhaini. (2019). Kunci Mendidik Dan Mengasuh Anak Disleksia. Yogyakarta: Familia

Aaron, P. G. (1989). Qualitative and quantitative differences among dyslexic, normal, and nondyslexic poor readers. Reading & Writing, 1, 291–308.

Adams, M. J. (1990). Beginning to read: Thinking and learning about print. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Agustina, Mirna. (2014). Pengaruh Phonological Awareness Dan Kemampuan Pemrosesan Ortografi Terhadap Kemampuan Membaca Awal Siswa Sekolah Dasar.” Modeling: Jurnal Program Studi PGMI 1.

Baddeley, A. (1982). Reading and working memory. Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, 35, 414–417.

Baddeley, A. (1986). Working memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Conrad, R. (1964). Acoustic confusions in immediate memory. British Journal of Psychology, 55, 75–84.

Chaer, Abdul. (2008). Morfologi Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta

Dewi, Kadek Yati Fitria. (2020) Disleksia Dan Anatomi Otak. Daiwi Widya 7(1)

Endang dan Julia Maria van Tiel. (2017). Disleksia: Deteksi Diagnosisi Penanganan Di Sekolah Dan Dirumah. Jakarta: Prenada

Fatoni, Achmad, And Ima Kurrotun Ainin. (2013). Identifikasi Siswa Disleksia Di Sekolah Dasar Negeri Inklusi Surabaya Timur. Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus. 12(3).

Fletcher, J. M., Lyon, G. R., Fuchs, L. S., & Barnes, M. A. (2007). Learning disabilities. New York: Guilford.

Haifa, Nisrina, Ahmad Mulyadiprana, and Resa Respati. (2020). Pengenalan Ciri Anak Pengidap Disleksia.” PEDADIDAKTIKA: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, 7(2), 21–32.

Jatmiko, Anggi. (2016). Memahami Dan Mendidik Anak Disleksia. ACIECE, 1, 159–166

Jorm, A. F., & Share, D. L. (1983). Phonological recoding and reading acquisition. Applied Psycholinguistics, 4, 103–147.

Lonigan, C. J., Wagner, R. K., Torgesen, J. K., & Rashotte, C. A. (2007). Test of preschool early literacy. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.

National Center for Educational Statistics (2006). Digest of education statistics, 2005 (NCES 2006–030), Chapter 2. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. (2000). Report of the national reading panel: Teaching children to read. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

National Research Council. (1998). Preventing reading diffi culties in young children. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Normasari, E., Fitrianawati, M., & Rofiah, N. H. (2021). Akseptabilitas Orang Tua Terhadap Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus di Kota Yogyakarta (Studi Kasus Pada Lembaga Federasi Komunikasi Keluarga Penyandang Disabilitas). WASIS: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, 2(2), 133-139.

Preiss, David, and Robert J. Sternberg, eds. Innovations in Educational Psychology: Perspectives on Learning, Teaching, and Human Development. New York: Springer, 2010.

Rismanto, A. (2020). Kemampuan Membaca dan Menulis Siswa Disleksia Melalui Metode Simultaneous Multisensory Teaching. Journal of Language Learning and Research (JOLLAR), 3(2), 57-63.

Rayner, K., & Pollatsek, A. (1989). The psychology of reading. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Sugiyono. (2013). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, da R&D. Bandung: CV Alfabeta.

Stanovich, K. E. (1982). Individual differences in the cognitive processes of reading: I. Word decoding. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 15, 485–493.

Shaywitz S. 2000. Overcoming Dyslexia: A New and Complete Science-Based Program.

Snow, C. E., Burns, M. S., & Griffi n, P. (Eds.). (1998). Preventing reading diffi culties in your children. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Tim Redaksi Familia. (2003). Perilaku Anak Usia Dini Kasus dan Pemecahannya, (Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2003), 155-156.

Ufie, A. (2013). Kearifan Lokal (Local Wisdom) Budaya Ain Ni Ain Masyarakat Kei sebagai Sumber Belajar Sejarah Lokal untuk Memperkokoh Kohesi Sosial Siswa. Thesis. Sekolah Pascasarjana, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung.

Vellutino, F. R. (1979). Dyslexia: Theory and research. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Wagner, R. K, & Torgesen, J. K. (1987). The nature of phonological processing and its causal role in the acquisition of reading skills. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 192–212.

Wagner, R. K., Torgesen, J. K., Rashotte, C. A., Hecht, S. A., Barker, T. A., Burgess, S. R., et al. (1997). Changing relations between phonological processing abilities and word-level reading as children develop from beginning to skilled readers: A 5-year longitudinal study. Developmental Psychology, 33, 468–479.

Whitehurst, G. J., & Lonigan, C. J. (1998). Child development and emergent literacy. Child Development, 69, 848–872.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24176/wasis.v3i1.7713

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2951| PDF views : 4427

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


View My Stats

Terindeks:

gs 


 

 Visitor:

Free counters!