Uji Reliabilitas dan Validitas Depression Anxiety Stress Scales 21 (DASS-21) pada Mahasiswa

Paul Arjanto

Abstract


Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melakukan uji validitas terhadap DASS-21 pada mahasiswa. Depression Anxiety Stress Scales 21 (DASS-21) adalah instrumen laporan diri yang mengukur kecemasan, depresi, dan stres. Validasi dilakukan pada sampel dari 109 orang mahasiswa program studi bimbingan dan konseling Universitas Pattimura. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa DASS-21 dapat digunakan sebagai instrumen yang valid dan reliabel untuk pengukuran depresi, kecemasan dan stres pada mahasiswa. Skala depresi, kecemasan, dan stres menunjukkan konsistensi internal yang baik. Secara khusus, koefisien Cronbach alpha dengan skor 0,85, 0,84, dan 0,84, sedangkan koefisien Spearman-Brown dengan skor 0,84, 0,83, dan 0,85. Analisis faktor konfirmatori menunjukkan bahwa nilai CFI dan TLI lebih tinggi dari 0,90 dan nilai RMSEA dan SRMR kurang dari 0,08 dengan muatan faktor berkisar antara 0,49 – 0,75 dari setiap item DASS-21.

Keywords


analisis faktor; depresi; kecemasan; relibilitas; stres; validitasanalisis faktor; depresi; kecemasan; relibilitas; stres; validitas

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, S. R., Anissa, M., & Triana, R. (2022). Hubungan tingkat stres dengan kejadian insomnia pada mahasiswa angkatan 2017 Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Baiturrahmah. Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences, 6(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.24269/ijhs.v6i1.3936.

Akmal, S. Z., & Kumalasari, D. (2022). Online learning readiness and well being in Indonesian college students during pandemic: academic stress as a moderator. Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat. https://doi.org/10.24854/jpu206.

Alfonsson, S., Wallin, E., & Maathz, P. (2017). Factor structure and validity of the de-pression, anxiety and stress scale 21 in swedish translation. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 24, 154-162. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12363.

Antony, M. M., Bieling, P. J., Cox, B. J., Enns, M. W., & Swinson, R. P. (1998). Psychometric properties of the 42-item and 21-item versions of the depression anxiety stress scales in clinical groups and a community sample. Psychological Assessment, 10, 176-181. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.10.2.176.

Arwina, A., Fadilah, R., & Murad, A. (2022). Hubungan regulasi diri dan stres akademik dengan prokrastinasi akademik pada mahasiswa Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Medan Area. Journal of Education, Humaniora and Social Sciences (JEHSS), 4(4), 1981-1991. https://doi.org/ 10.34007/jehss.v4i4.988.

Bados, A., Solanas, A., & Andrés, R. (2005). Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of depression, anxiety and stress scales (DASS). Psicothema, 17(4), 679-683.

Beck, A. T., & Steer, R. A. (1990). Manual for the beck anxiety inventory. The Psychological Corporation.

Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression: a treatment manual. Guilford Press.

Bottesi, G., Ghisi, M., Altoè, G., Conforti, E., Melli, G., & Sica, C. (2015). The italian ver-sion of the depression anxiety stress scales-21: factor structure and psychometric properties on community and clinical samples. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 60, 170-181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2015.04.005.

Byrne, B. M. (2013). Structural equation modeling with amos: basic concepts, applica-tions, and programming. Routledge.

Cheung, G. W., & Rensvold, R. B. (2002). Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. structural equation modeling, 9, 233-255. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15328007SEM0902_5.

Clara, I. P., Cox, B. J., & Enns, M. W. (2001). Confirmatory factor analysis of the de-pression-anxiety-stress scales in depressed and anxious patients. Journal of Psycho-pathology and Behavioral Assessment, 23, 61-67. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1011095624717.

Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S. G., & Aiken, L. S. (2003). Applied multiple correla-tion/regression analysis for the behavioral sciences. Taylor & Francis.

Daza, P., Novy, D. M., Stanley, M. A., & Averill, P. (2002). The depression anxiety stress scale-21: spanish translation and validation with a hispanic sample. Journal of Psy-chopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 24, 195-205. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1016014818163.

DeVellis, R. F. (2012). Scale development: theory and applications. Sage.

Gloster, A. T., Rhoades, H. M., Novy, D., Klotsche, J., Senior, A., Kunik, M., Stanley, M. A. et al. (2008). Psychometric properties of the depression anxiety and stress scale-21 in older primary care patients. Journal of Affective Disorders, 110, 248-259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2008.01.023.

Henry, J. D., & Crawford, J. R. (2005). The Short-Form Version of the Depression Anxie-ty Stress Scales (DASS-21): Construct validity and normative data in a large non-clinical sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44, 227-239. https://doi.org/10.1348/014466505X29657.

Kyriazos, T. (2017). Reliability of psychometric instruments. In M. Galanakis, C. Pezir-kianidis, & A. Stalikas (Eds.), Basic psychometric issues (pp. 85-121). Topos.

Lovibond, P. F., & Lovibond, S. H. (1995). The structure of negative emotional states: comparison of the depression anxiety stress scales (DASS) with the beck depression and anxiety inventories. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33, 335-343. https://doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(94)00075-U.

Natasia, E. F., Rasyid, M., & Suhesty, A. (2022). Pengaruh kecerdasan emosi terhadap stres pada mahasiswa fisip universitas mulawarman yang bekerja. Psikoborneo: Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 10(1), 157-168. https://doi.org/10.30872/psikoborneo.v10i1.7192.

Norton, P. J. (2007). Depression Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21): psychometric analysis across four racial groups. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 20 (3), 253-265. https://doi.org/10.1080/10615800701309279.

Nurrachmawati, D. A., Nugrohowati, N., & Simanjuntak, K. (2022). Hubungan aktivitas fisik dan stres terhadap kualitas tidur selama pandemi covid-19 pada mahasiswa tingkat 2 Fakultas Kedokteran UPN Veteran Jakarta. Jurnal EnviScience (Environment Science), 6(1), 55-64. https://doi.org/10.30736/6ijev.v6iss1.336.

Osman, A., Wong, J. L., Bagge, C. L., Freedenthal, S., Gutierrez, P. M., & Lozano, G. (2012). The depression anxiety stress scales-21 (dass-21): further examination of dimensions, scale reliability, and correlates. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 68, 1322-1338. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.21908.

Piedmont, R. L. (2014). Inter-Item correlations. In A. C. Michalos (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research (pp. 3303-3304). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_1493.

Pramasasti, D. A. S. U. (2021). Hubungan pola pikir negatif dengan stres akademik pada mahasiswa Kedokteran Universitas Malahayati Selama Pandemi Covid-19 Angkatan 2018. [Skripsi Kedokteran/Pendidikan Dokter]. https://doi.org/10.36835/jcbkp.v5i1.1294.

Ronk, F. R., Korman, J. R., Hooke, G. R., & Page, A. C. (2013). Assessing clinical signi-ficance of treatment outcomes using the DASS-21. Psychological Assessment, 25, 1103-1110. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0033100.

Setiawati, O. R., Alamsyah, R. T., Sani, N., & Anggraini, M. (2022). Hubungan stres akademik dengan motivasi belajar pada mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Malahayati angkatan 2019. Jurnal Kesehatan Tambusai, 3(2), 26-33. https://doi.org/10.31004/jkt.v3i2.4121.

Sinclair, S. J., Siefert, C. J., Slavin-Mulford, J. M., Stein, M. B., Renna, M., & Blais, M. A. (2012). Psychometric evaluation and normative data for the depression, anxiety, and stress scales-21 (DASS-21) in a nonclinical sample of US adults. Evaluation & the Health Professions, 35, 259-279. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163278711424282.

Spielberger, C. (1983). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Revised ed.). Consulting Psychologists Press.

Vasconcelos-Raposo, J., Fernandes, H. M., & Teixeira, C. M. (2013). Factor structure and reliability of the depression, anxiety and stress scales in a large portuguese community sample. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 16, E10. https://doi.org/10.1017/sjp.2013.15.

Wang, K., Shi, H. S., Geng, F. L., Zou, L. Q., Tan, S. P., Wang, Y., Chan, R. C. et al. (2016). Cross-cultural validation of the depression anxiety stress scale-21 in China. Psychological Assessment, 28, e88-e100. https://doi.org/10.1037/pas0000207.

Warella, G. S., Ratag, B. T., & Sekeon, S. A. (2022). Hubungan durasi penggunaan smartphone dan stres dengan kualitas tidur pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Sam Ratulangi Manado. KESMAS, 11(1).

Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS Scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1063-1070. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.54.6.1063.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24176/perseptual.v7i1.6196

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 20612| PDF views : 9535

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
Jurnal Psikologi Perseptual (eISSN 2580-9520) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License